What is Stoicism – Looking At The Top 4 Principles – Wisdom, Justice, Courage, And Temperance

Stoicism – the endurance of pain or hardship without the display of feelings and without complaint.- ( Dictionary )

The Core Of Stoicism

  • Founder – Zeno Of Citium(3rd century BC.)
  • Main Principles – Virtue is the only good
  • Where – Roman & Greek Communities 3rd century Roughly
  • Most Respected –Marcus Aurelius -Senca – Epictetus 

Stoicism 101 the basics & Overview

What is stoicism? Stoicism is a philosophical school of thought that teaches individuals how to be in control of their emotions and respond effectively to difficult situations. To me  The four principles of stoicism are: (1) Acceptance of what  we  cant change / control , (2) self-control over one’s emotions, (3) reasoned thinking as opposed to impulses, and (4) pursuit of tranquility or apatheia. Let’s explore each principle in more detail!

what is stoicism

First, let’s define Stoicism. Stoicism is a school of thought that was founded in Athens by Zeno of Citium in the 3rd century BC. The Stoics believed that Virtue (wisdom, justice, courage, and temperance) is the only good, while Pleasure and Pain are the only bad things. So, they advocated living a life ofreason and self-control so as to be immune to fortune’s vicissitudes and live fortified against others’ malice.

How is Stoicism  helpful

Stoicism is helpful because it teaches how to be indifferent to things that are not under our control, and that focus on what we can control.This philosophy has been shown to have many benefits, such as reducing anxiety and increasing overall happiness. Additionally, it can help us deal with difficult situations in a more calm and constructive manner.

Now that we know what it is, where did it come from?

Stoicism was the philosophical movement that emerged in Athens during Hellenistic times. The name “stoic” comes from a type of person who would stand on this porch and watch people pass by while wearing nothing but their underwear, because it is very difficult to be distracted by material possessions; also known as being “unfeeling” or having an unemotional demeanor like one might find among stoics today.

The English adjective ‘stoical,’ when applied to philosophy, does not entirely capture its original meaning which refers more closely than epicurean did so….

Where did the word Stoicism come from?

Zeno’s Stoicism was based on the idea that one should never show emotion. He took his name from a place where he lectured—the Stoa Poikile (Painted Colonnade). This philosophy had its roots in Greek attitudes, specifically those mentioned above about modem day society not showing appreciation or faithfulness towards their partners

who was Zeno of Citium and where did he live 

Zeno of Citium was a Greek philosopher who lived in the 3rd century BC. He is considered the founder of Stoicism, an ethical and philosophical system that stresses self-control, inner calm, and living in harmony with others. He was born in Citium (present day Cyprus), but traveled and taught throughout Greece.

 The four cardinal virtues of  Stoicism <-> wisdom, justice, courage, and temperance

 How to live a Stoic life

There’s no one answer to this question since Stoicism is open to interpretation, but there are some core concepts that can help guide you. The main idea is to focus on what’s within your control and let go of things that are outside of your control. This doesn’t mean you should be indifferent to the world around you, but rather that you shouldn’t get too wrapped up in things that you can’t do anything about.

One way to start living a more Stoic life is by doing a daily check-in with yourself. Every day, take a few moments to reflect on what your priorities are and how you can work towards them. This will help you stay focused on what’s important and let go of distractions.

Some famous Stoics throughout history

Seneca, Marcus Aurelius, and Epictetus are perhaps the most famous Stoics from history. Seneca was a Roman philosopher, playwright, and statesman who lived during the 1st century AD. Marcus Aurelius was a Roman emperor and one of the most renowned Stoic philosophers. Epictetus was a slave who became a well-known Stoic teacher.

These three men all advocated for living in accordance with nature and using reason to guide one’s actions. For them, Virtue was the highest good and they believed that emotions like fear, anger, and desire could lead us astray if we weren’t careful. The Stoics believed in making reasoned decisions based on what was within our control

Who was Marcus Aurelius

Marcus Aurelius was a Roman Emperor from 161 to 180. He was the last of the Five Good Emperors, and is also considered one of the most important Stoic philosophers. HisMeditations, which consist of personal journals, provide one of the best sources of modern Stoic thought. During his reign, he pusued an active role in government and implemented a variety of reforms aimed at improving life in the empire. Under his rule, the Empire attained its greatest extent and became known as “the second Rome”.

 Marcus Aurelius was born into a wealthy and influential family in Rome in 121 AD. His father was an adviser to Emperor Antoninus Pius, who eventually adopted Marcus as his own son and heir.

Who Was Epictetus 

Epictetus was a Stoic philosopher who taught that the best way to deal with difficult situations is to maintain perspective and remain calm.

Epictetus believed that we should always be mindful of our inner thoughts and emotions, and not let them get the best of us. Instead, he said, we should recognize that these things are only temporary and don’t have the power to control our lives. By accepting what we can and cannot change, we can concentrate on living a good life without letting stress get in the way.

Who was Seneca

Seneca was a Roman Stoic philosopher, statesman, and dramatist. He was a tutor and later adviser to Emperor Nero. He wrote several treatises on philosophical subjects such as ethics, natural disasters, and anger management. His plays are still studied and performed today. Seneca is considered one of the most important Stoic philosophers.

modern applications of Stoicism

Stoicism is an ancient philosophy that can be applied in modern life to help with stress, anxiety, anger, and other negative emotions.

Some of the main principles of Stoicism are:

1. The universe is governed by natural laws, and we cannot control everything.

2. We should focus on things that are within our control.

3. We should take action based on reason and logic, not emotions.

4. We should always maintain a positive outlook, even in difficult situations.

5. We should be prepared for setbacks and accept them with grace.

6. We should always strive to be virtuous people.”

7. The main goal of Stoicism is to help us live


One of the dictionary definitions of wisdom is “the ability to make good decisions.” So in a nutshell, wisdom is the ability to think things through and choose the best course of action. This can be applied to all areas of life, from personal relationships to work and everything in between.

Some people may seem wise because they’ve had a lot of experience and have learned a lot over the years. Others may be considered wise because they have a lot of knowledge in certain areas. However, being wise doesn’t necessarily mean you know everything – it means you know how to use what you do know in order to make informed decisions.


The standard definition of justice is fairness. So when we talk about justice, we’re talking about ensuring that people are treated fairly. Everyone deserves to be respected and to receive fair treatment.

Why is justice important? Because without it, society would be in chaos. There would be no order, and people would take advantage of others without consequences. Imagine if there were no laws or penalties for breaking them. It would be a free-for-all! Even the idea of fairness wouldn’t exist without some sort of system of justice to enforce it.

Justice is important because it helps create stability and order in society. It also protects the rights and safety of individuals by providing consequences


Courage is not the absence of fear but the ability to act despite feeling afraid. It is not always easy to do what we know is right or to stand up for what we believe in, especially when others are pressuring us to do something else or when we ourselves are unsure. But with courage, we can face our fears and overcome them. We can also act with integrity even when it’s difficult or unpopular.

Courage is a virtue that we should all aspire to have. It enables us to be true to ourselves and our values, no matter what the circumstances may be. And it is essential for living a meaningful and fulfilling life.


Temperance is one of the seven virtues. It is the ability to control one’s appetite and emotions, especially anger. abstaining from drinking alcohol is a common practice of temperance.

Temperance is also  the practice of self-control. It’s the ability to moderate one’s behavior, emotions, and appetites. The goal of temperance is to achieve balance in one’s life.

Temperance is a key virtue in many religions and philosophies. It’s often seen as a middle path between extremes. For example, someone who is too indulgent might be said to lack temperance, while someone who is too restrictive might be said to lack temperance as well. A balanced life involves finding the right mix of pleasure and restraint.

Stoicism throughout the centuries

There’s no one answer to this question since Stoicism has undergone many changes throughout its history. However, some core principles have remained the same. For instance, Stoics believe in using reason and logic to make decisions, living in harmony with others, and making a commitment to doing what is virtuous.

The school of thought known as Stoicism originated in Greece in the 4th century BCE. Its main proponents were Zeno. The goal of Stoicism was to help people deal with difficult situations by teaching them how to control their emotions and reactions.

Medieval & Renaissance Stoicism

The early Renaissance was a time when people thought they could bring old philosophy and Christianity together. But by the end of this period, even Stoicism had been turned upside down!

A lot happened in between these two transformations: new ideas came out into public consciousness; other traditions began to take on an importance that before hadn’t existed at all – like humanism with its focus not just on scholarship but also artistry AND literature as well??? And then there were those pesky Turks who destroyed Constantinople? Not exactly what anyone would call “stoical.”

The Mystery behind Stoicism ( why so many did not know this practice )

There are two main reasons why many people did know about stoicism, the first and main reason is because Marcus wort in Greek , the Greek written word wore lost for many years, the second was because their was only two copies of meditations. One side note is  also the simple fact of that people where not as educated and versed as people are today, many in the Greek  / roman populations did not know how to read or write in their native laungeg.

Modern Stoicism & practices

One of the great texts that was lost for centuries is now available to us in translation. Even though it has only existed since about 800 A D, there are still very few people who know how valuable these ancient thoughts can be and what they say on topics such as happiness or anxiety – which sometimes seem more relevant than ever before! This book is  called meditations written by Marcus areliouse in fact this book was never ment to be for public Meditations was written as  private notes and thoughts that Marcus would review and writ in daily. Marcus wrote this book in Greek originally, and thus it was very hard for translations, how ever in the 20 century we are lucky enough to finally understand  these translations.

Conclusion paragraph

 Stoicism is a philosophy that can be applied in many areas of life, including the business world. The goal of stoicism is to help individuals maintain control over their emotions and respond effectively to difficult situations. If you’re looking for a way to improve your emotional intelligence and become more resilient in the workplace, consider studying up on stoicism. Click here to learn more about this powerful school of thought and how you can apply it to your own professional life.

Resources for this Blog Post & Stoicism Information

Daily Stoic

Ryan Holliday Youtube Channel

Stoicism – Wikipedia Page

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